AD Jesus of Nazareth turns water into wine at a wedding
in Cana, Gallilee when his mother tells him that there is
no wine left.
96 Roman Emperor,
Domitian, stops the planting of new vineyards for fear
that there wouldn't be enough land to grow food.
100 Lemons are introduced to Italy.
200 Part of a French cave painting shows evidence
of alcohol and condom use.
278 Roman Emperor, Probus,
allows the planting of vineyards again.
300 Mead is introduced in Greece.
600 Quill pens become popular in China.
names for alehouses are; Fighting Cocks, Boathouse of the Abbey,
Hawk and Buckle, and Compleat Angler.
700 Famous Chinese poet, Li
Bai, writes Drinking Alone Under the Moon.
To escape attacks from the Vikings, French monks move inland from
the Loire valley to revive the making of Chablis wine with Chardonnay
Viking ships enter the Douro River mouth in Portugal with
ships designed like long Portuguese wine carrying boats called
Edgar standardizes weights and measurements. He also
introduces drinking pegs that are inserted into a drinking
horn where you can only drink down to the peg. However, it
backfired into drinking contests.
Aethelred II sets a law to ease trouble in ale-houses.
If you breach the peace in an ale-house you shall pay six half
marks if a man is slain and twelve ores if no one is slain.
Common names for alehouses are; Bell Finedon, Fountain Canterbury,
Fountain Huntington, and Bell Waltham St. Laurence.
the Confessor makes a law that if a man spends three
nights in an inn then he was considered a servant of the house
and would have to do anything the innkeeper requested.
is first used to make beer.
Common names for alehouses are; Ostrich Collinbrook, Thomas’s
Chop House, Highbury Barn, and Tabard.
arrive in Spain.
distillation is taught at the Medical School of Salerno in
Clavicula is and describes heating strong wine mixed
with salt & producing water that burns without consuming
the material on which it is placed.
Magnus writes about liquor & says that alchemists
should have 2 or 3 rooms just for distillation.
A decree from Bishop Anselm forbids priests to drink.
Ricasoli family produces Chianti wine.
II introduces the first levy on the malt liquor trade
called the Saladin
1189 To end fire hazards, England’s City
Council forbid all alehouses not licensed though the City Council
except those alehouses built of stone. Also, all bakers, and ale-wife
brewers can only cook at night with wood and not straw, reeds
Common names for alehouses are; Angel Blyth, Angel Grantham,
Angel Islington, George and Dragon, George and Vulture, Maid’s
Head, and The White Hart.
priests baptize children with beer.
de Villanova, a Catalan physician coins the term aqua
vitae (water of life).
Beer is a commercial enterprise in Germany, Austria, and England.
brews cold temperature lagers stored in caves and England brews
mild temperature ales stored in cellars.
Florentinus teaches medicine at Bologna and recommends consuming
spirits as a medicine.
King Wenceslas grants Pilsen Bohemia brewing rights (formerly
Czechoslovakia and now the Czech Republic).
Common names for alehouses and taverns are; Bell on the Hope,
Bell Tavern, Crown Chiddingford, George Salisbury, Green Man,
Ship and Turtle, and The Talbot.
Drinking words heard are; Drunk as a whistle, drunk as all-get-out,
taverned, cupshotten, down among the dead men, drunk as an ape,
dizzy, feebleminded, mad, double tongued, drunk as a mouse, and
drunk as a Pope.
The Black Plague kills 25 million people in Europe. The juniper
berry is deemed the cure-all and is used in any type of alcohol
that can be made.
make it to North Africa.
and glass mirrors are developed.
Lully introduces distilled spirits to England.
The very first known Puzzle
Jug was created in France. A Puzzle Jug is a trick
jug found in taverns designed to pour the contents over the
unsuspecting drinker. To get the jug to pour out the right
hole the drinker to figure it out.
merchants first introduce aqua vitae to Russian Grand
Prince Dmitri Ivanovich Donskoi in appreciation for his
There are 354 taverns in England.
1330 Taverners must test their wine on Easter
Corrupt wines must be poured out and the vessels broken.
Edward III places an emergency tax on wine so he can
pay back money he owes to foreign allies.
brewery is founded in Munich.
1375 London brewers are ordered to have no pole
bearing his sign that projects more than seven feet over the highway.
1378 French law forbids foreign wine to be sold
1381 French law forbids claret or sweet wines
to be sold retail.
Charles II of Navarre is sick and doctors advise for
him to be wrapped in cloth soaked in spirits every night. One
night, instead of breaking the thread, aservant took a candle
to burn the thread and the King was burned to death.
Richard II orders that all alehouses must exhibit a sign
with a picture on them, and not just words. These signs are used
for helping people navigate the mazelike streets. It also helped
the many illiterate people read the signs.