Alcohol Timeline 30-1300



30 AD Jesus of Nazareth turns water into wine at a wedding in Cana, Gallilee when his mother tells him that there is no wine left.

96 Roman Emperor, Domitian, stops the planting of new vineyards for fear that there wouldn't be enough land to grow food.
100 Lemons are introduced to Italy.
200 Part of a French cave painting shows evidence of alcohol and condom use.
278 Roman Emperor, Probus, allows the planting of vineyards again.
300 Mead is introduced in Greece.
600 Quill pens become popular in China.


Common names for alehouses are; Fighting Cocks, Boathouse of the Abbey, Hawk and Buckle, and Compleat Angler.

700 Famous Chinese poet, Li Bai, writes Drinking Alone Under the Moon.



800 To escape attacks from the Vikings, French monks move inland from the Loire valley to revive the making of Chablis wine with Chardonnay grapes.




900 Viking ships enter the Douro River mouth in Portugal with ships designed like long Portuguese wine carrying boats called barcos rabelos.


959 King Edgar standardizes weights and measurements. He also introduces drinking pegs that are inserted into a drinking horn where you can only drink down to the peg. However, it backfired into drinking contests.

997 King Aethelred II sets a law to ease trouble in ale-houses. If you breach the peace in an ale-house you shall pay six half marks if a man is slain and twelve ores if no one is slain.



Common names for alehouses are; Bell Finedon, Fountain Canterbury, Fountain Huntington, and Bell Waltham St. Laurence.

Edward the Confessor makes a law that if a man spends three nights in an inn then he was considered a servant of the house and would have to do anything the innkeeper requested.

Hops is first used to make beer.


Common names for alehouses are; Ostrich Collinbrook, Thomas’s Chop House, Highbury Barn, and Tabard.

Limes arrive in Spain.

Scientific distillation is taught at the Medical School of Salerno in Italy.

The Mappae Clavicula is and describes heating strong wine mixed with salt & producing water that burns without consuming the material on which it is placed.


Famed alchemist, Albertus Magnus writes about liquor & says that alchemists should have 2 or 3 rooms just for distillation.

1102 A decree from Bishop Anselm forbids priests to drink.
1141 The Ricasoli family produces Chianti wine.
1188 Henry II introduces the first levy on the malt liquor trade called the Saladin Tithe.
1189 To end fire hazards, England’s City Council forbid all alehouses not licensed though the City Council except those alehouses built of stone. Also, all bakers, and ale-wife brewers can only cook at night with wood and not straw, reeds or stubble.


Common names for alehouses are; Angel Blyth, Angel Grantham, Angel Islington, George and Dragon, George and Vulture, Maid’s Head, and The White Hart.

Medieval priests baptize children with beer.

Arnaldo de Villanova, a Catalan physician coins the term aqua vitae (water of life).

Beer is a commercial enterprise in Germany, Austria, and England.

Germany brews cold temperature lagers stored in caves and England brews mild temperature ales stored in cellars.

Thaddeus Florentinus teaches medicine at Bologna and recommends consuming spirits as a medicine.

1295 King Wenceslas grants Pilsen Bohemia brewing rights (formerly Czechoslovakia and now the Czech Republic).



Common names for alehouses and taverns are; Bell on the Hope, Bell Tavern, Crown Chiddingford, George Salisbury, Green Man, Ship and Turtle, and The Talbot.

Drinking words heard are; Drunk as a whistle, drunk as all-get-out, taverned, cupshotten, down among the dead men, drunk as an ape, dizzy, feebleminded, mad, double tongued, drunk as a mouse, and drunk as a Pope.

The Black Plague kills 25 million people in Europe. The juniper berry is deemed the cure-all and is used in any type of alcohol that can be made.

Limes make it to North Africa.

Glass and glass mirrors are developed.

Raymond Lully introduces distilled spirits to England.

The very first known Puzzle Jug was created in France. A Puzzle Jug is a trick jug found in taverns designed to pour the contents over the unsuspecting drinker. To get the jug to pour out the right hole the drinker to figure it out.

Genoese merchants first introduce aqua vitae to Russian Grand Prince Dmitri Ivanovich Donskoi in appreciation for his kind hospitality.

1309 There are 354 taverns in England.
1330 Taverners must test their wine on Easter and Michaelmas. Corrupt wines must be poured out and the vessels broken.
1338 King Edward III places an emergency tax on wine so he can pay back money he owes to foreign allies.

1373 The Lowenbrau brewery is founded in Munich.

1375 London brewers are ordered to have no pole bearing his sign that projects more than seven feet over the highway.
1378 French law forbids foreign wine to be sold in retail.
1381 French law forbids claret or sweet wines to be sold retail.
1387 King Charles II of Navarre is sick and doctors advise for him to be wrapped in cloth soaked in spirits every night. One night, instead of breaking the thread, aservant took a candle to burn the thread and the King was burned to death.
1393 King Richard II orders that all alehouses must exhibit a sign with a picture on them, and not just words. These signs are used for helping people navigate the mazelike streets. It also helped the many illiterate people read the signs.


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19-7000 BC