Alcohol Timeline 1800

 

Common names for taverns and pubs are; Anchor Liphook, Bull Dartford, Bull and Mouth, Bull Inn, Bush Tavern, Chapter House, The Cock Tavern, Globe Tavern, Golden Cross, Grove House Tavern, and The Swan.


Drinking words heard are; Addled, a bit on, a brewer, a couple of chapters into the novel, a cup too much, a date with John Barleycorn, a drop too much, a little in the suds, peg too low, piece of bread and cheese in the attic, a public mess, on a bender, above par, altogether drunk, apple palsy, at peace with the floor, lifting the little finger, been looking through a glass, banged up on sauce, bemused, blue around the gills, breath strong enough to carry coal with, can't see a hole in a ladder, caught the flavor, corked, dead to the world, doped up, woozy, drunk as Bacchus, drunk as forty billygoats, electrified, feeling glorious, fired up, fogged in, full to the brim, ginned, groggified, half gone,haywire, inked, lushed, moonshined, off the deep end, on the rocks, pie-eye, polished, sloppy drunk, sloshed, stinking, soaked, swazzled, tanked, and whacked out of one’s skull.


1800 Citrus fruits have been distributed worldwide.
1800 Blood letting with leeches replaces spirits as medicine. This lasted only until the 1840s when using spirits for medicine returned.
1801 Chivas Regal is introduced.
1802 John Wyatt patents the steam-heated still.

1803 The coffee pot is introduced.
1803 The icebox is invented.

1804 Madame Clicquot invents pink champagne and the mushroom shaped cork.


1804 Meriwether Lewis and William Clark pack 120 gallons of whiskey for their two-year western exploration.
1804 The Nolet family is granted permission to display the Romanoff family crest on their Ketel One vodka labels.
1805 Madame Clicquot (1777-1866) is widowed at the age of 28 and took over the business.
1805 Lord Admiral Nelson’s body is preserved in a vat of rum until the ship can get him to shore for burial. Every October 21st since, England commemorates Trafalgar day.
1805 Henri-Louis Pernod opens the first Absinthe distillery in Switzerland then moves to a larger one in France.
1806 The definition of the word cocktail is said to first appear in print in the Hudson, NY, publication, Balance and Columbian Repository as a political stab against Democrats. It reads; Cock-tail is stimulating liquor composed of spirits of any kind, sugar, water, and bitters. It is vulgarly called a bittered sling and is supposed to be an excellent electioneering potion, inasmuch as it renders the heart stout and bold, at the same time that it fuddles the head. It is said, also to be of great use to a Democratic candidate: because, a person having swallowed a glass of it, is ready to swallow anything else.

1809 The Embargo Act is repealed and alcohol is exported from America anywhere except England and France.
1807 Becherovka is produced.
1810 American annual liquor consumption is 4 1/2 gallons per person
1810 The first Oktoberfest in Germany is celebrated.
1810 First U.S. patent for the manufacture of imitation mineral waters is issued.
1813 Cellier Blumenthal patents a continuous still.
1814 Veuve Clicquot champagne is introduced to Russia.
1815 Laphroaig single malt Scotch whisky is introduced.
1815 Ivan Smirnov founded the I.A. Smirnov & Family distillery in Moscow.
1815 The American Brewer and Maltster by Joseph Cappinger is published.

1816 The first hospital in Australia is called Rum Hospital because the builders were paid in rum.


1816 Madame Clicquot invents a way of removing sediment from bottles called riddling.
1816 The cigarette lighter is invented.
1817 The cardboard box is invented

1817 Work begins on the Erie Canal connecting Lake Erie and the Hudson River to increase commerce. Workers are paid $1 a day plus a quart of whiskey.
1819 Artillery Punch is served to President James Monroe in Savannah, GA. It’s a concoction of Catawba, rum, gin, brandy, rye whiskey, strong tea, brown sugar, Benedictine, orange and lemon juice, Maraschino cherries and Champagne.
1820 Whiskey is aged in oak barrels.
1820 Johnnie Walker blended Scotch whisky is introduced from Scotland.
1820 The Beefeater gin distillery is built in England.
1820 Ohio Evangelist, Johnny Appleseed, passes out apple seeds and tells his congregation to plant them. Years later he teaches them to make applejack.
1821 James Fenimore Cooper publishes his novel Spy and mentions cock-tails being served in Betsy Flanagan's tavern.
1824 George Smith founds the Glenlivet distillery high in the foothills of the Cairngorm Mountains in Scotland.
1824 Angostura bitters is invented by Dr. Johann Siegert while in Venezuela and later moves to Trinidad.
1825 John Matthews creates the fountain apparatus that rested on a pharmacist’s counter to dispense carbonated drinks.
1825 Sandeman port is introduced.
1825 The Erie Canal opens making shipping of goods easier.
1825 The American Society for the Promotion of Temperance was founded with 1 million members.
1825 Franciscan missionaries plant vineyards north of San Francisco to make sacramental wine.
1826 Friction matches are invented.
1827 Ballantine’s blended Scotch whisky is introduced.
1827 Ivan Smirnov opens his second distillery.
1829 Don Facundo Bacardi moved from Spain to Cuba.
1830 Talisker Scotch is launched.
1830 American alcohol consumption reaches 7.1 gallons per person.
1830 Cognac is exported in bottles instead of casks.
1830 Tanquerey builds its distillery on land that has a renowned health spa because of its pure water. The green gin bottle is said to be modeled after a British fire hydrant or cocktail shaker.

1830 Australian wine production begins in Hunter Valley, North of Sydney.
1833 The first time the word Bourbon is first seen on bottle labels.

1833 Abraham Lincoln serves apple brandy in his tavern for 12 cents a half pint.


1837 John and George Rate open the Glenkinchie distillery in Scotland.
1839 London law prohibits drink-sellers to sell to anyone under the age of 16.
1839 Adolphus Busch (Anheuser-Busch) is born in Kastel, Germany on July 10. He is the second-youngest of 22 children.
1840 The gin based Pimm’s Cup is invented in a London restaurant.
1840 Records show 95,820 licensed public houses (pubs) in England.
1840 Whiskey produced in Bourbon County, Kentucky officially becomes known as Bourbon.
1840 German Doctor Justus Liebig claims that spirits prevents wastage of nervous tissue by offering itself up for combustion (theory of spontaneous combustion widely believed). At the time it was believed that alcohol stayed in the system & was converted into nervous tissue. Doctors prescribe three pints of brandy per day, was not an uncommon prescription.
1840 Quakers applying for life insurance in London have to pay extra premiums since they didn’t drink.
1841 Madame Clicquot retires at age 64.
1841 Crème de cassis is born.
1842 The Pilsner glass is invented.
1843 Felix Courvoisier establishes Courvoisier in 1843 and Napoleon makes it known that it’s his favorite.

1844 William H. Smith’s play, The Drunkard, opens in Boston to packed houses.


1844 In the book, Martin Chuzzlewit, Charles Dickens writes, He could smoke more tobacco, drink more rum-toddy, mint-julep, gin-sling and cocktail than any private gentleman of his acquaintance.
1845 A law prohibiting the public sale of liquor is enacted in New York State.
1846 Dewar’s blended Scotch whisky is established.
1846 Aalborg akvavit is produced in Norway.
1847 Labatt’s beer is produced in Canada.
1847 The Shandy is invented.
1847 The Carlsberg brewery is founded in Denmark.
1848 The Lord’s Day Sale of Liquors Act stated that no alcohol of any kind can be sold on Sunday mornings in all of England and Wales.

1848 Currier and Ives create a famous print of George Washington toasting a farewell to his officers.


1849 French brothers Adolphe and Edouard-Jean create Cointreau.
1850 German immigrant brewers introduce cold maturation lagers to America.
1851 Walter and Alfred Gilbey open Gilbey gin distillery in Camden Town, England.
1851 Neal Dow, Mayor of Portland, Maine, drafted the first statewide prohibition law in America.
1851 Ginger ale is created in Ireland.
1851 Shipping records show applejack being sent to Denver and Los Angeles.
1852 The Gin & Tonic is believed to be invented as a medicinal drink.

1854 T.S. Arthur’s book, Ten Nights in a Bar Room, is an instant best seller.


1854 Hiram Walker produces his first barrels of Canadian Club.
1854 The Beam distillery moves to Nelson County, Kentucky to be near a railroad.
1855 Austin Nichols produces spirits from Kentucky.
1855 For the first time, France classifies wines by quality and Bordeaux ranks the highest.
1855 Safety matches are invented.
1856 The word mixologist is first used in print in The Knickerbocker Magazine.

1856 The cork disk attached screw bottle cap is introduced.
1857 Seagrams 7 blended whiskey is produced in Indiana.
1857 In the book, Tom Brown’s Schooldays by Thomas Hughes, he writes the line, Here, Bill, drink some cocktail.

1857 British Dr. Todd treats Charles Hindley, MP by making him drink six pints of brandy in 72 hours. Hindley dies and three years later, Dr. Todd dies, for the same reason. Focus now changes instead from believing spirits are converted into nervous tissue, to it’s good because it alters the temperature of the body. This was believed until around 1900 when doctors realized that patients who were prescribed spirits as a medicine, kept drinking them after they got better.
1858 Seagrams VO is introduced.
1858 Seagrams CC is introduced.
1860 Campari is produced in Italy.
1860 American annual liquor consumption is six gallons per person.

1860 Gosling’s Black Seal Rum distillery is established in Bermuda.


1861 The Black Velvet is invented in honor of Prince Albert’s at his death.
1861 The cylinder pin-tumbler door lock is introduced.
1861 The Americano is said to be first served at Gaspare Campari’s Cafe Campari in Italy.
1862 Ikon vodka is produced in Russia.
1862 The Heublein Co. of Hartford, CT offers seven pre-mixed cocktail bottle drinks.
1862 Abraham Lincoln imposes a new tax on liquor to help pay the bills from the Civil War.
1862 25% of American taxes are from whiskey.
1862 Don Facundo Bacardi makes the first quality light rum.

1862 Jerry Thomas publishes the first known drink recipe book that contains cocktails, How to Mix Drinks.


1863 Martini & Rossi is established.
1865 Alexander Walker, Johnnie Walker’s son, develops Old Highland blended Scotch whisky.
1841 Madame Clicquot dies at age 89.
1866 Jack Daniel’s distillery is established.
1866 Pasteurization is first used to prevent wine spoilage.
1867 Sweetened limejuice is introduced by Lauchlin Rose from Scotland. He calls it Rose’s Lime Cordial. It was made mandatory for all ships in both the Royal Navy, and British Merchant Navy, to include lime juice in the sailors’ daily rations. So what we now know as Rose’s Lime Juice, spread throughout the world.

1867 Moosehead brewery is founded by Canadian Susannah Oland.


1869 Napoleon grants Courvoisier the title of Official Supplier to the Imperial Court.
1869 The original Ripy family distillery is founded on today’s known Wild Turkey Hill in Lawrenceburg, Kentucky.
1870 Glass liquor bottles become all the rage.
1870 Herradura is the first tequila to be made from 100% blue agave plant.
1870 The rubber condom is introduced after vulcanized rubber is invented.
1870 Bourbon is shipped and packaged in jugs for the first time instead if barrels.
1870 George Dickel builds his distillery near Cascade Springs for the freshness of the water.
1871 George Hoover from Canada hauled a wagonload of whisky and set up a tent shop called Hoover’s Bar five miles west of Fort Dodge, Kansas. It was the founding business of Dodge City.

1871 Peg Leg O’Sullivan breaks into a dairy barn to steal milk for a whiskey punch party and accidntally kicks over a lantern, which burns three and a half square miles of the business district of Chicago. 250 people are killed, 95,000 people are left homeless, and 17,000 buildings are destroyed.


1872 Matusalem Rum is distilled in Cuba.
1872 A police raid in Glasgow, Scotland, finds only 2 pubs in 30 serving real Scotch whiskey.
1872 The aperitif, Lillet, is made in France.
1873 A U.S. law was passed preventing bar owners from luring sailors offshore with booze and prostitutes.
1873 Adolph Coors selected the waters of Clear Creek, Colorado, for his dream of producing a high quality beer.
1873 Asa T. Soule of Rochester, NY, creates an alcohol laced Hop Bitters medicine and makes a fortune.

1874 Fundador Spanish brandy is produced.
1874 The Manhattan is invented in Manhattan, NY.
1874 The first national convention of the Women's Christian Temperance Union was held. The Union promotes the movement for prohibition in the U.S. and tries to shut down saloons because they believe that male drinking is the cause of prostitution, child abuse, and poverty.
1874 New Orleans bartender, M.W. Heron, invents Southern Comfort. However it’s first name is Cuffs and Buttons in competition with another liqueur that was named White Tie and Tails.
1875 The wire attached mechanical bottle cap is invented.
1875 The Kentucky Derby ‘s Clubhouse begins to make Mint Julep’s and it becomes the official drink of the Derby.
1876 Andrew Albanov, a chemist, discovers the absorption qualities of charcoal. Smirnov becomes the first to use charcoal for vodka filtration and introduced continuous distillation for consistent product quality.

1876 The power of the temperance movement has the original Currier and Ives 1848 print of George Washington re-engraved removing the toasting glass in his hand and replacing the liquor supply on the table with a hat. (Scroll up to 1848 to see the original print.)


1876 Carlton Newman patents a flask that seals with a screw cap that is large enough to double as a shot glass as well.
1876 Pasteur learns the secrets of yeast in the fermentation process and also learns to pasteurize beer 22 years before milk.
1877 Bacardi Carta Blanca rum wins its first Gold Medal at a tasting in Madrid, Spain.
1878 Ireland cannot sell alcohol on Sunday.
1879 Myers’s Dark Rum is produced in Jamaica.
1879 An improved cardboard box with scores so that it is collapsible is invented.
1879 The light bulb is invented.
1879 Dr. Cameron Habitual Drunkards Act requires voluntary patients addicted to alcoholic drinks are to pay for their own treatment and they must stay for the full period of cure.
1880 Paper straws are patented in England.
1880 A root-destroying bug from American soil wipes out 6.25 million French acres of grapes.
1880 Kansas voters are the first to adopt an amendment to the constitution prohibiting the sale of intoxicating liquor on Sunday.
1880 Anheuser-Busch sent out the first fleet of double-walled refrigerated railroad cars.
1880 There are 2300 breweries in America.
1881 Angostura bitters moves to Trinidad.
1882 The single lever corkscrew is invented.
1882 The religious order of the Christian Brothers begins distilling brandy from California grown grapes.

1882 Edouard Manet paints Bar at the Folies-Bergere. It shows a female behind a bar with a mirror behind her…or is it? The painting has many interpretations. It has a bottle of crème de menthe, Champagne bottles, and Bass beer bottles.


1883 Bacardi is named official purveyor to the royal house of Spain and allows the company to print the royal Spanish coat of arms on their labels.
1883 Budweiser is born.
1883 The cash register is invented.
1884 Fountain pens are the most popular writing instruments.
1884 Alaska prohibits the importation, manufacture and sale of liquor.
1886 Coca-Cola is born.
1886 Pierre Smirnov dresses bartenders in bear suits at a Moscow carnival booth.
1887 Don Facundo Bacardi Masso dies.
1888 Finlandia vodka is first produced at the historic distillery near Helsinki.
1888 Wax paper straws are patented in America.

1888 The winged corkscrew is invented.


1888 The double lever corkscrew is invented.
1889 Matchbooks are introduced.
1889 Bacardi Rum wins a medal in Paris, France.

1889 The Jukebox is invented and costs a nickel. In the first six months it makes $1000

.

1890 A pink giraffe first appeared in print representing what people see when they drink too much.
1890 Pabst is the first brewer to sell over 1 million barrels in a year.

1892 William Painter invents the cork lined crown bottle cap.


1893 The Anti-Saloon League is formed.
1893 Bacardi wins a medal in Chicago.
1893 Bourbon made from Turkey Hill is chosen to represent Kentucky at the World’s Fair.
1894 The Rob Roy is introduced.
1894 An American cold wave destroys all citrus crops.
1894 Lemuel Benedict is hung-over at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in NYC and orders poached eggs over ham on buttered toast smothered with hollandaise sauce. The meal is deemed a hangover cure and is named Eggs Benedict in his honor.
1895 Jack Daniel’s begins bottling in its famous square bottle.
1895 Diamond matchbooks are introduced.
1896 Dalwhinnie single malt Scotch whisky is introduced.
1896 The Raines Hotel Law passes making it illegal to sell drink on a Sunday except in hotels during meals. Houses became hotels and put a sandwich of a rock between bread on every table. The sandwich stays there so long it develops mold.
1896 Chemist D.I. Mendeleev discovers the ideal volume and weight ratio of alcohol and water for making vodka.
1897 American Bottled-in-Bind Act, the act of bottling quality whiskey is passed.
1897 Pearl Wait invents Jell-O but lacked marketing capital and sells the recipe in 1899.
1898 The Second Habitual Drunkards Act gives people the power to commit criminals that drink to special reformatories.

1898 Teddy Roosevelt and the Rough Riders were in Cuba helping with the Spanish-American War when a drink called a Cuba Libre was invented and named after the battle cry Free Cuba.


1898 The Ward 8 is invented by a Boston bartender named Tom Hussion.
1898 Dewar’s blended Scotch whisky stars in the world’s first film commercial that is projected on a wall overlooking Herald Square. Eric Porter created it.
1898 Caravella limoncello is established.
1898 Tanqueray and Gordon’s merge.
1899 Scotland has 161 distilleries.
1899 The first patent is issued for a automatic glass-making machine to make glass bottles.
1899 Dewar’s White Label blended Scotch whisky is introduced.

 

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