Alcohol Timeline 1700



Common names for alehouses and pubs are; The Adelphi, Castle Inn Bath Road, Hare and Hounds, The Eagle, Beetle and Wedge and The Rummer.

Drinking words heard are; Addled, rotten drunk, cherry-merry, clips the King's English, cracked, cranked, dizzy as a coot, fuddled up, full as a goat, got a snootful, groggy, happy juiced, in the altitudes, jacked up, juiced to the gills, lapping it up, cockadoodled, drinking like a fish, and stewed, screwed and tattooed.

1700 Grapefruit is discovered in the West Indies.
1701 Jethro Tull invents a drill for planting seeds in rows.
1702 The Brewer's Guide to London is published.
1702 Queen Anne comes to throne and during her reign forbids the sale of impure spirits. This gives birth to a deluge of inferior homemade gin.
1709 The piano is invented and the toasting song, For He’s a Jolly Good Fellow is popular.
1710 The Elector of Hanover in Germany commissions a silver buffet fountain intended to cool wine. It’s called the Hanover Cistern and Fountain.
1714 Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit invents the mercury and spirit filled thermometer.
1716 Medici Grand Duke Cosimo III passes a law limiting and regulating the area of wine production in Tuscany, thus creating the 1st Appelation Controlee wine.

1717 The Colt Neck Inn in Colts Neck, New Jersey is opened by a William Laird descenant and sells applejack on the record for the first time.

1721 The beginning of the campaign against gin drinking in England.
1724 Physician George Cheyne gives an essay Upon Health and Long Life, saying that strong liquors were never designed for common use, but to refresh the weary, to strengthen the weak, to give courage to the faint hearted, and to raise the low spirited.
1728 The law that forbade the transportation of Champagne is abolished.
1733 London produces 6 million gallons of gin.
1733 America exports more rum than any other spirit.
1733 Britain’s Molasses Act charged heavy rum fines for imported rum.

1733 General James Edward Oglethorpe sails up the Savannah River in the name of King George II with 144 colonists to create a new town where silk and wine will be produced. Savannah, Georgia is born.
1735 Sales of spirits are prohibited in Georgia.
1739 The height of the gin craze in England.
1740 The British Royal Navy issues a half-pint daily ration of rum per man.
1740 Grog is named for Admiral Vernon’s grogham coat.
1743 The Glenmorangie distillery is established in Scotland.
1743 Distillers get permission to sell to taverns.

1745 Drambuie is produced in Scotland by the Mackinnon family. The recipe was brought to them by Prince Charles in gratitude of keeping him safe during the Battle of the Culloden Moor. Drambuie is Scottish Gaelic for the drink that satisfies.

1749 Appleton Rum is produced in Jamaicia.

1750 London produces 11 million gallons of gin and the population is only 600,000.
1751 The first health warning is printed on a bottle of gin.

1753 The Piedmont Virginia Boswells Tavern builds a ride-up window for horseback riders to order a flagon of spirits.

1753 The Schenk family operates a distillery and grist mill on Hammer Creek, PA.
1754 Hardwicke’s Marriage Act ends clandestine marriages that take place in English taverns.
1755 The Marie Brizard Company is founded in Bordeaux, France.
1756 St. Patrick's Day was 1st celebrated in NYC at Crown & Thistle Tavern.

1757 The first President, George Washington writes about his personal beer recipe and titles it, To Make Small Beer.

1757 British commercial distilling is banned for three years due to crop failures. Home distillers start smuggling.

1758 Admiral Nelson’s Premium Rum is produced.

1758 There are 87 distilleries in the Mexican region of Jalisco (near the town of Tequila) producing tequila & mezcal.

1759 Arthur Guinness signs a 9000-year lease on an unused brewery at St. James's Gate in Dublin.

1760 Cruzan Rum from the Virgin Islands is introduced.
1760 George Washington writes asking the Laird family for its applejack recipe.
1761 Bombay Gin from England is introduced.
1764 The American Sugar Act reduces the rate of tax on sugar
1765 Britain’s Stamp Act requires that all transactions must be stamped.
1765 Richard Hennessy founds Hennessy Cognac.

1766 The Beekman Arms of Rhinebeck, NY, begins serving beer. In 2000 it was the oldest continuously operating tavern in the US.

1767 Englishman, George Hodgeson, cuts a deal with East India to start providing beer to the British civil-service and merchant classes in the India colonies. He doubles the hop content to help preserve the beer on its long voyage.
1769 Gordon’s gin is introduced in London.
1770 America gives birth to Bourbon.
1770 England imports 2 million gallons of rum
1771 Italian writer, Tobias Smollett, writes that knowledge of mead making is considered one of the arts of a true country gentleman.
1776 Madeira wine is used to toast to the signing of the Declaration of Independence.
1777 The Bass brewery is established in the UK.
1779 Frederick II of Prussia issues a manifesto in which to decrease use of coffee and increase the consumption of beer.
1780 Jameson begins producing Irish whiskey.
1780 France invents a distilling coil that submerges in wine. Germany and America use the same method years later.
1783 At age 19, John H. Molson begins the Molson beer empire in a log cabin brewery on the banks of the St. Lawrence River in Canada.
1783 Evan Williams opens his distillery in Louisville, KY.
1785 The British inventor, Joseph Bramah, patents a beer-pump handle.

1785 Dr. Benjamin Rush, surgeon general of the Continental Army publishes, An inquiry into the Effects of Ardent Spirits.

1785 Bourbon County, Kentucky is established and Kentucky sends their whiskey down the river in barrels stamped Bourbon to New Orleans. Due to the whiskey being shipped in the spring, the rising of the waters takes the shipment months to arrive. This is when it’s noticed that the whiskey tastes better after being aged.
1788 South Africa takes citrus fruits to Australia.
1789 Angry French tavern keepers and wine merchants of Belleville, destroy the local tax collector’s office.
1789 Reverend Elijah Craig from Kentucky creates a new whiskey formula of corn, rye, and barley malt.
1790 In Porto, Portugal, the House of Sandeman winery was found by the Scot, George Sandeman.
1791 Bombay Gin from England is introduced.

1791 Congress imposes the first excise tax n the domestic manufacture of spirits. This creates the Whiskey Rebellion.

1791 Australia's first vineyard is planted.
1792 Absinthe is invented by Dr. Pierre Ordinaire.
1794 Theodorus Godding trades a giant dinosaur skull to Napoleon for 600 bottles of red wine.
1794 Oban single malt scotch is introduced.
1795 Jose Cuervo tequila is introduced from Mexico.
1795 Old Jake Beam Sour Mash whiskey is introduced.
1795 The Jim Beam distillery is established.
1796 Harvey’s Bristol Cream sherry is introduced.
1797 The wine bottles of Chateau Lafite begin to be recorked every 25 years to prevent deterioration caused by oxidation through decayed corks.
1798 The term soda water is first coined.
1799 Ice is shipped commercially for the first time. The ice comes from frozen lakes and ponds and only the wealthy can afford it.


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